The flag of Croatia is one of the symbols of the state. It’s a horizontal tricolor of red, white and blue with the Coat of Arms of Croatia in the center. The flag combines the colors of the Kingdom of Croatia, Slavonia and Dalmatia , which are the historical constituents states of the Croatian Kingdom.
The history of the flag
The red-white-blue color has been used , in variations, as Croatia’s flag since 1840.
When Croatia was part of Yugoslavia, the flag was the same except for a five-pointed red star with a yellow border in place of the coat of arms.
The current flag was adopted on December 21, 1990 almost a year before the proclamation of independence from Yugoslavia. Croatia proclaimed independence on June 26, 1991, but the new state finally closed all connections with Yugoslavia on October 8, 1991. By January 15, 1992 all European countries recognize the independence of Croatia.
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An interpretation of the colors, dating from the 19th century, attributes the red and white for Croatia (from the Middle Ages, located in today’s Dalmatia and central Croatia and Bosnia and Hertzegovina) and the blue for the Kingdom of Slavonia.
Another unofficial interpretation says that the red represents the blood of Croatian martyrs, the white stands for the Croatia’s peaceful lamb like nature and the blue represents the devotion to God.
The Coat of Arms
The coat of arms is thought to be created by Stephen Držislav in the 10th century. The original source confirming the coat as an official symbol is a genealogy of the Habsburgs, dated from 1512 to 1518.
According to the Constitution, the base of the coat of arms consists of 25 alternating red and white (argent) fields. The smaller shields represent parts of Croatia.